Investigaciones y estudios
THE SOCIAL TENURE DOMAIN MODEL EXPERIENCE IN SOACHA, COLOMBIA
The relationship between poverty and access to land has been subject of many studies (IFAD, 2015; UN-Habitat, 2008). Those studies have highlighted how security of tenure is a key asset for livelihood strategies, especially for the growing number of slum dwellers in developing countries. Enhancing security of tenure has thus become a great challenge for developing cities’ governments and stakeholders, where cadastral coverage is less than 30% (FIG, 2013). As a consequence, there is an urgent need to bridge the gap between formal legal tenures and informal and customary tenures through innovative and inclusive land information tools that promote sustainable land policies towards poverty eradication.
The Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) is one of the many tools developed by the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN)1 to address the issue of people-land relationships, independently from the level of formalization, or legality of these relationships. The STDM was created with the intention of being a pro-poor, gender responsive, affordable and flexible tool that employs participatory enumeration and mapping approaches to gather, store and analyze data in informal settlements, rural customary areas or post crisis context areas. The STDM is both a conceptual approach for participatory assessment, and a technological tool, that works as a plug-in for free license geographic information system (GIS) software. After case studies in Kenya and Uganda to record various tenure options along the land rights continuum2, GLTN developed interest in piloting the STDM in a different context and its potential to contribute to slum upgrading work.
Organización que publica:
Autor: Laura Zimmermann
- Acceso a suelos y tenencia segura
Categoría: Investigaciones y estudios